Romanian pilot site
Wildfire in a National Park
At national level, there are on average 166 forest fires per year in Romania, with a total affected surface area of 30pprox. 50kHa. However, the average surface of forest fires has increased by 53% and their frequency has doubled in the last decade. National statistics show that 61% of forest fires start by human negligence and 35% are due to unknown causes, most likely also due to human error. The TREEADS pilot case is set in Macin Mountains National Park. Its available natural potential is making it accessible to a wide range of tourists, interested in hiking, landscapes, flora, local fauna, studies and documentaries. Among the identified vulnerabilities of the area are uncontrolled tourism, poaching, scattered grazing, illegal logging leading to the suppression of habitats, burning of vegetation, destruction of specimens of spontaneous flora, illegal capture of Dobrogean land turtles (Testudo graeca), extension of farms, extreme sports (off-road vehicles, ATVs, motorcycles) that disturb the tranquility of the area. Due to this abundance of visitors, human negligence is an important factor to consider in the prevention and mitigation of forest fires. The use case will focus around the integration of TREEADS technology in forest fire prevention and intervention.
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